Why plant trees?
In this area, constantly threatened by desertification, the EU- and national policy aims at taking plots of marginal soil out of the agricultural production and plant them with trees. The aim is to stop further devastation and to protect them against erosion, as well as to initiate permanent and sustainable use patterns. A site can be improved sustainably by aforestation via the accumulation of humus. The soil is protected against drought by the shadow provided through the canopy. Water from deeper soil layers is accessed by the roots of the trees, and a moist and shady forest climate develops.
Further the new forests work as an additional carbon sink and moreover, according to the WWF, especially the oak- montados are to be considered as very rich eco- systems.
Finally for the owner a forest is a durable value of not only financial character.
What has to be borne in mind?
In South Portugal meanwhile aforestation projects are luckily very common. Unfortunately they are very often implemented as monocultures. This fact is concerning not only from the biodiversity point of view, but also from a protective perspective. In pure cultures insect- pests and pathogens can spread much better than in mixed stands.
A considerably broad mixture of trees in regard to the site in question would be ideal.
Further, from an ecological point of view, a close relation to the natural vegetation would be desirable.
„Woodland“ aforestation projects are carried out completely from planning, over the plantation up till the maintenance. By this a close relation to the client and a good implementation of the plantation can be provided.
A choice of trees in regard to the site and the natural vegetation are our special field. Sites with special micro climates can be treated differently, and the declared aim is to create a rich and mixed stand. We work without chemical fertilizers, so a later certification by FSC would be possible.